"Information Disorder: Toward an interdisciplinary framework for research and policy making", which was published on 31 October 2017 by the Council of Europe, examines the way in which dis-information campaigns have become widespread and, heavily relying on social media, contribute to a global media environment of information disorder. The report, authored by Claire Wardle and Hossein Derakhshan, provides a conceptual framework and a structure for dialogue about information disorder by policymakers, legislators and researchers. For the authors, information disorder cannot be solved overnight, but the first step is understanding the complexity of the issue:
In addition to the conceptual framework, the report provides a round-up of related research and practical initiatives connected to the topic of information disorder, as well as filter bubbles and echo chambers.
It also examines solutions that have been rolled out by the social networks and consider ideas for strengthening existing media, news literacy projects and regulation.
Key future trends are also highlighted, such as the implications of artificial intelligence technology for manufacturing as well as detecting dis-information.
The closing chapter contains 35 recommendations addressed to relevant stakeholders such as technology companies, national governments, media, civil society, and education ministries to help them identify suitable strategies to address the phenomenon.