The Audiovisual Council of Catalonia (CAC) published in April 2013 a detailed Report on the representation of women on television. The report is based on the analysis of different types of TV programmes: non-fiction (news, TV discussions, interviews) and fiction (feature films, series) broadcast during the first half of 2012 in four TV channels: TV3 (public regional autonomous channel), TVE Cataluña (regional window of national PSB), 8tv (private, regional) and BTV (public, local). 4 431 news units, 2 690 debates and interviews and 357 fiction characters have been examined in order to report on the image of women in television content.
The data collected in the report shows that the presence of women in media is smaller in number as compared with men; this reflects general conceptions of gender equality in Spanish society. For example 46.4% of doctors practising in Spain are women, but the percentage drops to 26.7 % when they are presented in TV programmes. In fiction programmes the presence of women and men is more balanced (44.5 % women) than in non-fiction (around 30%).
The report highlights the inequality in the representation of men and women in media, which is summarised within the following features: