Stemming from Article 13 of the Audiovisual Media Services Directive and following the transposition, a French Decree sets out (since 1st July) the new rules applying to on-demand audiovisual media services to support and promote European and original French-language works.
The French regulator, the 'Conseil supérieur de l'audiovisuel', who is tasked to implement the new rules, welcomes the Decree while underlining its complexity and the need for a consistent overall scheme as other legal initiatives are under discussion in France*. The CSA is also mindful to engage in a constant dialogue with his peers within ERGA to secure an efficient regulation of international stakeholders in Europe.
The key provisions of Decree n° 2021-793 of 22 june 2021 are as follows:
The industry's reaction
This new decree has provoked mixed reactions from the stakeholders and at European level.
While the European commission expressed concern for the high contribution rate in terms of original French-language works which might create unfair advantages for French production companies, on-demand media providers, such as Netflix, ask, in return, to be able to benefit from national support schemes and subsidies, as it is currently the case for the other production market players in France.
It remains to be seen how these new rules will be implemented in practice and whether they will require to apply a sanction mechanism to be effectively enforced.
For a more detailed presentation of the conditions and rules provided by the decree, see below.
*Legislative changes are expected in France regarding film distribution windows and terrestrial broadcasters requirements.
Financial contribution to European and original French-language cinematographic and audiovisual works production:
Exemptions: The contribution to the development of film production is not due for services which offer less than 10 feature-length films per year in their catalogue. Similarly, the contribution to the development of audiovisual production is not due for services which offers less than 10 audiovisual works per year in their catalogue.
The supply and promotion of European and original French-language cinematographic and audiovisual works (providers under French jurisdiction only):