The European Regulators Group for Audiovisual Media Services (ERGA) has been requested to assist the European Commission in assessing the effectiveness of the Code of Practice on Disinformation*, based on two prior monitoring phases of its implementation by the signatory platforms. This ERGA Report presents the outcomes of the monitoring phases and assesses the implementation of the Code, suggesting recommendations to improve its effectiveness.
In general, ERGA underlines the lack of data and mechanisms to independently check and assess the self-reporting by the platforms, the requirement for harmonised definitions and uniformity in the implementation process and the need for a truly co-regulatory approach.
As a result, the report makes some recommendations aimed at:
Furthermore, the ERGA report calls for a higher number of signatories, to include significant platforms such as Messenger, WhatsApp and Tik-Tok and advocates for intensive cooperation between ERGA and the newly established European Digital Media Observatory.
* Further Background: the initiative of the European Commission, in October 2018, several major online platforms (Facebook, Google, Twitter and Mozilla - joined later by Microsoft) and actors of the advertising industry agreed to sign a Code of Practice on Disinformation, aimed at addressing the digital spread of information disorders and based on five Pillars: A – Scrutiny of ad placements / B – Political advertising and issue-based advertising / C – Integrity of services / D – Empowering consumers / E – Empowering the research community.