On 30 March 2016, the European University Institute's Centre for Media Pluralism and Media Freedom (CMPF) in Florence published the outcome of the application of the MPM2015, assessing media pluralism in 19 EU Member States in 2015. The monitored countries were Austria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Finland, Germany, Ireland, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain and Sweden. The 9 other Member States were assessed in the 2014 report. The present Monitor has been developed and tested by the CMPF, at the European University Institute, and has been funded by the European Parliament. The CMPF created the prototype of the Monitor and pilot-tested it in 2014 (MPM2014), building on the 2009 Independent Study on Indicators for Media Pluralism in the Member States – Towards a Risk-Based Approach. The field work was carried out until October 2015, and reflects the situation at that time. The next phase of the project, which should be carried out in 2016, will assess all EU Member States, along with two candidate countries (Turkey and Montenegro).
The CMPF, in cooperation with teams of local experts in each country, examined risks related to media pluralism using the Media Pluralism Monitoring (MPM) tool. The 2015 report identified the riskiest areas across the 19 countries, including media concentration, political independence of the media, issues related to state advertising and media literacy. The MPM uses thresholds to determine the value of indicators according to three categories of risk – low, medium or high.
The four domain risks used in the MPM2015 cover legal, economic and socio-political questions assessed by national experts:
The results of the MPM2015 implementation, jointly analysed with the results of the MPM2014 pilot, show the great complexity of measuring threats to media pluralism in the EU Member States.