The ERGA (the European Regulators Group for Audiovisual Media Services) was created on February 2014 by a Decision of the European Commission.
The group is to advise and assist the European Commission in its work, to ensure a consistent implementation of the Audiovisal Media Service Directive (AVSMD) in the era of convergence. The group brings together heads or high level representatives of national independent regulatory bodies in the field of audiovisual services in the European Union.
ERGA's main focus is on strategic discussions about EU policies and the adoption of common positions or declarations on the implementation of the regulatory framework for media services. ERGA has therefore been involved in the REFIT exercise of the AVMS Directive and will be involved in the process of the review of the AVMSD.
Since 1 January 2016, ERGA is chaired by Ms. Madeleine de Cock Buning, Chairperson of the Dutch Regulator CdvM. Mr. Oliver Schrameck (ERGA Chair in 2014-2015) is now Vice-Chair, along with Ms. Mirjana Rakić, Chairperson of the Croatian regulator AEM.
The Mediterranean Network of Media Regulatory Authorities was established on 29 November 1997 in Barcelona on the initiative of Hervé Bourges (President of the French Conseil Supérieur de l'Audiovisuel - CSA) and Luís de Carreras (former President of the Catalan Consell de l'Audiovisual de Catalunya - CAC) in order to reinforce cultural and historical links between mediterranean countries and identify common challenges against the backdrop of globalisation. NMRA provides a platform for discussion and exchange of information and research on issues regarding broadcasting regulation.
The network is currently composed of 26 members: the Agency for Electronic Media (AEM, Croatia); the Agency for Electronic Media of Montenegro; the Autorità per le Garanzie nelle Comunicazioni (AGCOM, Italy); the Audiovisual Media Authority (AMA, Albania); the Audiovisual Commission (AMC, Jordan); the Agency for Audio and Audiovisual Media Services (AVMU, Macedonia); the Broadcasting Authority of Malta (BAM, Malta); the Audiovisual Council of Andalusia, the Consell de l'Audiovisual de Catalunya and the Comisión Nacional de los Mercados y la Competencia (CAA, CAC and CNMC, Spain); the Coordinating Council of Audiovisual (CCA, Moldova); the Council for Cable TV and Satellite Broadcasting, the Second Authority for Television and Radio (CCTSB, SATR, Israel); the National Council of Audiovisual (CNA, Lebanon); the Communications Regulatory Agency (CRA, Bosnia-Herzegovina); the Cyprus Radio Television Authority (CRTA, Cyprus); the Conseil Supérieur de l'Audiovisuel (CSA, France); the Entidade Reguladora para a Comunicaçao Social (ERC, Portugal); the Gibraltar Regulatory Authority (GRA, Gibraltar); the Haute Autorité de la Communication Audiovisuelle (HACA, Morocco); the Haute autorité indépendante de la communication audiovisuelle (HAICA, Tunisia); the Press and Broadcasting High Authority (HAPA, Mauritania); the Indepedant Media Commission (IMC, Kosovo); the National Council for Radio and Television (NCRTV, Greece); the Regulatory Authority of Electronic Media (REM, Serbia) and the Turkish Radio and Television Supreme Council (RTUK, Turkey).
The chairman is nominated by the members for a period of one year. The permanent secretariat of the network is co-ordinated by the French CSA in association with the Catalan CAC, the CRTA from Cyprus and the HACA from Morocco.
The Network of French-speaking media regulatory authorities (REFRAM) held its constitutive meeting on 1st July 2007 in Ouagadougou, Burkina-Faso. The purpose of REFRAM is to work towards the consolidation of the rule of law, democracy and human rights. In accordance with its statutes, the REFRAM aims at establishing and strengthening solidarity and exchanges between its members. It is a forum for debate and exchange of information on issues of common interest and fosters training and cooperation between its members.
This platform comprises 29 media regulatory authorities from 27 French-speaking African and European countries as well as Canada. The Organisation internationale de la Francophonie (OIF) has observer's status.
On 10 December 2009, six regulatory authorities from Central and Eastern Europe signed an act establishing the Central European Regulatory Forum (CERF). A Memorandum of Understanding on mutual co-operation and exchange of information was signed between the following regulatory authorities: the Council for Radio and Television Broadcasting (Czech Republic), the National Radio and Television Commission (Hungary), the National Broadcasting Council (Poland), the National Audiovisual Council (Romania), the Republic Broadcasting Agency (Serbia) and the Council for Broadcasting and Retransmission of the Slovak Republic (Slovakia). All these authorities share similar developments with regard to media legislation. The Agency for Electronic Media (Croatia) and the Agency for Communication Networks and Services (Slovenia) have joined the forum since.
More generally, the aim of CERF is to contribute to the development of the media landscape in Central and Eastern Europe. The co-operation concerns the implementation of guidelines for proceeding in the case when a broadcast from one country breaches the laws of another country. The handling of complaints against TV or radio programmes with cross-border relevance is also foreseen in the agreement. The text of the agreement between the British and the Swedish broadcasting authorities was used as a template for formulating this Memorandum. The regular exchange of ideas and best practices are important elements of the cooperation, yet the pivotal goal of the regulatory forum is the handling of complaints against transfrontier broadcasts. CERF holds one meeting a year at the invitation of a regulatory authority.
In order to create a platform comprising the Black Sea Economic Cooperation (BSEC) 12 member states’ broadcasting regulatory authorities, a project proposal prepared by the Radio and Television Supreme Council (RTÜK) of Turkey was submitted to BSEC member states. The proposal was accepted at the BSEC Information and Communication Technologies Working Group Meeting, held in Kiev on 4-5 December 2007. BSEC member states’ broadcasting regulatory authorities, i.e. Albania, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bulgaria, Georgia, Greece, Moldova, Romania, Russian Federation, Serbia, Turkey and Ukraine, convened in BSEC Headquarters, Istanbul, on 30 June 2008 and released a Joint Declaration declaring the establishment of the Black Sea Broadcasting Regulatory Authorities Forum (BRAF). The representatives of all member states decided to hold annual meetings for furthering cooperation and discussing the common issues of the broadcasting sector.
The first annual Meeting of BRAF, preceded by the Meeting of Experts Committee, which prepared the final version of the BRAF Charter, was held in Antalya on 25-26 June 2009. The final version of BRAF Charter was adopted in the Meeting of Presidents on 26 June 2009. The Charter states that member countries take turns to host BRAF meeting every year. The Executive Body, designed as a “troika”, consists of the current chair, the predecessor and the successor.
Regular so-called "tripartite meetings" are organised since 1996 between the French, German and UK regulators, i.e. CSA, the DLM and the Ofcom.
The regulatory authorities in the Nordic countries, i.e. Iceland, Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden, have established regional cooperation concerning e.g. legislation, cable and satellite operations, digital broadcasting, local and community radio. The first regular meeting convened in Stockholm in the spring of 1996. Yearly meetings (one and a half-day) have since convened at the invitation of one of the members of the network. Recurrent topics on the agenda are recent developments in the field of media legislation and audio-visual policy. Each meeting also deals with special topics such as advertising aimed at children, jurisdiction or undue prominence.
The Iberian Conference of Independent Authorities involves the ERC (Portugal), the Catalan CAC, the Andalusian CAA and the CNMC (Spain) and aims to exchange experiences, opinions and views on self and co-regulation.
A cooperation agreement between the regulatory authorities in Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania was signed in 2005 to take into account the similarities of the small audiovisual markets of the Baltic States. The three authorities have been meeting regularly ever since.
Euregiolators is a forum of regulatory authorities supervising the media in the Netherlands, Belgium (Flemish, French and German language communities), Luxembourg and the German Länder bordering these countries.
The SEE Digi.TV project (now completed) linked 14 partners from 10 countries, most of them RAs in the field of broadcasting and electronic media, who joined forces to speed-up the process of analogue switch-off in the region and further developments to more efficient technologies; maximize the harmonisation of the legislative and technical frameworks with the EU digitalisation process; avoid policy, technology and market fragmentation; develop regional strategy for optimal use of freed frequency spectrum for new ICT broadband services and efficiently manage digital dividend.
10 EPRA members were part of the partnership: NMIA (HU), RTR (AT), AGCOM (IT), AEM (HR), CRA (BA), RBA (RS), AEM (ME), SRD (MK), NCRT (AL), and APEK (SI), who was the lead partner of the project.
ACRAN was established in 1998 in Libreville, Gabon. ACRAN aims at developing and reinforcing the co-operation between the communication regulatory authorities in Africa. It currently counts 34 members: the Independent Communications Authority of South Africa (ICASA), the Conselho Nacional de Comunicaçao Social (CNCS, Angola), the Haute Autorité de l'Audiovisuel et de la Communication (HAAC, Benin), the National Broadcasting Board (NBB, Botswana), the Conseil Supérieur de la Communication (CSC, Burkina Faso), the Conseil National de la Communication (CNC, Burundi), the Conseil National de la Communication (CNC, Cameroon), Radio Television of Cape Verde (RTC, Cape Verde), the Haut Conseil de la Communication de Transition (HCCT, Central African Republic), the Conseil Supérieur de la Liberté de la Communication (CSLC, Congo), the Haute Autorité de la Communication Audiovisuelle (HACA, Ivory Coast), the Conseil National de la Communication (CNC, Gabon), the National Media Commission (NMC, Ghana), the Haute Autorité de la Communication (HAC, Guinea), the Conselho Nacional da Comunicaçao Social (CNCS, Guinea-Bissau), the Communications Authority of Kenya (CAK, Kenya), the Lesotho Communication Authority (LCA, Lesotho), the Haute Autorité de la Communication (HAC, Mali), the Haute Autorité de la Communication Audiovisuelle (HACA, Morocco), the Haute Autorité de la Presse et de l'Audiovisuel (HAPA, Mauritania), the Conselho Superior da Comunicaçao Social (CSCS, Mozambique), the Communications Regulatory Authority of Namibia (CRAN, Namibia), the Conseil Supérieur de la Communication (CSC, Niger), the National Broadcasting Commission (NBC, Nigeria), the Conseil Supérieur de la Communication Audiovisuelle (CSAC, Democratic Republic of Congo), the Rwanda Regulatory Authority (RURA, Rwanda), the Conselho Superior da Impressa (CSI, Sao Tomé and Principe), the Conseil National de Régulation de l'Audiovisuel (CNRA, Senegal), the Tanzania Communication Regulatory Authority (TCRA, Tanzania), the Haut Conseil de la Communication (HCC, Chad), the Haute Autorité de l'Audiovisuel et de la Communication (HAAC, Togo), the Haute Autorité Indépendante de la Communication Audiovisuelle (HAICA, Tunisia), the Uganda Communications Commission (UCC, Uganda) and the Broadcasting Authority of Zimbabwe (BAZ, Zimbabwe).
The headquarters of ACRAN are established at Cotonou, capital of the Republic of Benin.
Four years ago now, the regulatory authorities of Peru, Chile, Uruguay, Colombia, Portugal, Spain (CNMC, the Andalusian CAA, the Catalan CAC) decided to create a platform of exchange where they could share their experience and take joint decisions.
As stated during their 2014 Bogota meeting, PRAI's main goal is to be a think tank on audiovisual regulation. It enables its members to discuss legal matters of common interest and to debateand solve disagreements between regulatory authorities.