The Mediterranean Network of Media Regulatory Authorities was established on 29 November 1997 in Barcelona on the initiative of Hervé Bourges (President of the French Conseil Supérieur de l'Audiovisuel - CSA) and Luís de Carreras (former President of the Catalan Consell de l'Audiovisual de Catalunya - CAC) in order to reinforce cultural and historical links between mediterranean countries and identify common challenges against the backdrop of globalisation.
The Mediterranean Network of Media Regulatory Authorities provides a platform for discussion and exchange of information and research on issues regarding broadcasting regulation.
The network is currently composed of 20 members: the NCRT (Albania); The Radio Television Authority (Cyprus); The CRA (Bosnia and Herzegovina); the CSA (France); the Audiovisual Council (Jordan); the Catalan CAC, the Andalusian CAA and the CMT (Spain); the ERC (Portugal); the Autorità per le Garanzie nelle Comunicazioni (AGCOM - Italy); the National Council for Radio and Television (Greece) ; the Broadcasting Authority (Malta); The Audiovisual High Authority (Mauritania); the Radio and Television Supreme Council (Turkey); the Council for Cable TV and Satellite Broadcasting and the SATR (Israel), the Republic Broadcasting Agency (Serbia), the HACA (Morocco), the National Audiovisual Media Council (Lebanon) and the Broadcasting Council of the Republic of Macedonia. In addition, the Agency for Electronic Media of Croatia, the Independent Media Commission in Kosovo (under UNSCR 1244) and the Agency for Electronic Media of Montenegro have the status of observer members.
The chairman is nominated by the members for a period of one year. The permanent secretariat of the network is co-ordinated by the French CSA in association with the Catalan CAC, the CRTA from Cyprus and the HACA from Morocco.
The 13th Plenary Assembly of the Mediterranean Network of Regulatory Authorities was held in La Valette on the invitation of the Maltese Broadcasting Authority on 24-25 November 2011. The next meeting will take place in 2012 in Portugal.
The Network of French-speaking media regulatory authorities (REFRAM) held its constitutive meeting on 1st July 2007 in Ouagadougou, Burkina-Faso.
The purpose of REFRAM is to work towards the consolidation of the rule of law, democracy and human rights. In accordance with its statutes, the REFRAM aims at establishing and strengthening solidarity and exchanges between its members. It is a forum for debate and exchange of information on issues of common interest and fosters training and cooperation between its members.
This platform comprises 28 media regulatory authorities from 27 French-speaking African and European countries as well as Canada. The Organisation internationale de la Francophonie (OIF) has been granted observer's status.
The Chairperson of REFRAM, is currently Mr. Marc JANSSEN, President of the CSA of the French Community of Belgium. Mr. Moustapha Ali Alifei, President of the High Communication Council from Chad is the Vice President. The permanent Secretariat is based at the French CSA (Conseil supérieur de l’audiovisuel).
On 10 December 2009, six regulatory authorities from Central and Eastern Europe signed an act establishing the Central European Regulatory Forum (CERF). A Memorandum of Understanding on mutual co-operation and exchange of information was signed between the following regulatory authorities: the Council for Radio and Television Broadcasting (Czech Republic), the National Radio and Television Commission (Hungary), the National Broadcasting Council (Poland), the National Audiovisual Council (Romania), the Republic Broadcasting Agency (Serbia) and the Council for Broadcasting and Retransmission of the Slovak Republic (Slovakia).
All these authorities share similar developments with regard to media legislation. More generally, the aim of the CERF is to contribute to the development of the media landscape in Central and Eastern Europe. The co-operation concerns the implementation of guidelines for proceeding in the case when a broadcast from one country breaches the laws of another country. The handling of complaints against TV or radio programmes with cross-border relevance is also foreseen in the agreement. The text of the agreement between the British and the Swedish broadcasting authorities was used as a template for formulating this Memorandum. The regular exchange of ideas and best practices are important elements of the cooperation, yet the pivotal goal of the regulatory forum is the handling of complaints against transfrontier broadcasts.
The CERF holds one meeting a year at the invitation of a regulatory authority. The last meeting of the CERF took place on 20-21 September 2012 in Bratislava at the invitation of the Council for Broadcasting and Retransmission of the Slovak Republic.
In order to create a platform comprising the Black Sea Economic Cooperation (BSEC) 12 member states’ broadcasting regulatory authorities, a project proposal prepared by the Radio and Television Supreme Council (RTÜK) of Turkey was submitted to BSEC member states. The proposal was accepted at the BSEC Information and Communication Technologies Working Group Meeting, held in Kiev on 4-5 December 2007. BSEC member states’ broadcasting regulatory authorities, i.e. Albania, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bulgaria, Georgia, Greece, Moldova, Romania, Russian Federation, Serbia, Turkey and Ukraine, convened in BSEC Headquarters, Istanbul, on 30 June 2008 and released a Joint Declaration declaring the establishment of the Black Sea Broadcasting Regulatory Authorities Forum - BRAF. The representatives of all member states decided to hold annual meetings for furthering cooperation and discussing the common issues of the broadcasting sector.
The first annual Meeting of BRAF, preceded by the Meeting of Experts Committee, which prepared the final version of the BRAF Charter, was held in Antalya on 25-26 June 2009. The final version of the BRAF Charter was adopted in the Meeting of Presidents on 26 June 2009. The Charter states that member countries take turns to host the BRAF meeting every year. The Executive Body, designed as a “troika”, consists of the current chair, the predecessor and the successor.
The Hellenic Republic undertook the presidency and hosted the second annual meeting in 2010. Georgia assumed the Presidency of BRAF and hosted the annual meeting in 2011. The third meeting, held on 25-26 May 2012 in Tirana, was hosted by The National Council on Radio Television of Albania (KKRT). At the meeting, the KKRT assumed Chairmanship in BRAF for the next term.
Dr. Hamit ERSOY, RTÜK Member, is the BRAF Secretary General.
Regular so-called "tripartite meetings" are organised since 1996 between the French, German and UK regulators, i.e. CSA, the ALM and the Ofcom.
The regulatory authorities in the Nordic countries, i.e. Iceland, Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden, have established regional cooperation concerning e.g. legislation, cable and satellite operations, digital broadcasting, local and community radio. The first regular meeting convened in Stockholm in the spring of 1996. Yearly meetings (one and a half-day) have since convened at the invitation of one of the members of the network. The Swedish Broadcasting Authority is hosting the next Nordic meeting to be held in Stockholm in spring 2011. Recurrent topics on the agenda are recent developments in the field of media legislation and audio-visual policy. Each meeting also deals with special topics such as advertising aimed at children, jurisdiction or undue prominence.
The Iberian Conference of Independent Authorities involves the ERC (Portugal), the Navarran CoAN, the Catalan CAC, the Andalusian CAA, and the Andorran CAA and aim to exchange experiences, opinions and views on self and co-regulation.
A cooperation agreement between the regulatory authorities in Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania was signed in 2005 to take into account the similarities of the small audiovisual markets of the Baltic States. The three authorities have been meeting regularly ever since.
Euregiolators is a forum of regulatory authorities supervising the media in the Netherlands, Belgium (Flemish, French and German language communities), Luxembourg and the German Länder bordering these countries.
The SEE Digi.TV project links 14 partners from 10 countries, most of them RAs in the field of broadcasting and electronic media, who joined forces to speed-up the process of analogue switch-off in the region and further developments to more efficient technologies; maximize the harmonisation of the legislative and technical frameworks with the EU digitalisation process; avoid policy, technology and market fragmentation; develop regional strategy for optimal use of freed frequency spectrum for new ICT broadband services and efficiently manage digital dividend.10 EPRA members are part of the partnership: NMIA (HU), RTR (AT), AGCOM (IT), AEM (Croatia), CRA (BA), RBA (RS), AEM (ME), SRD (MK), NCRT (AL), and APEK (SI), the lead partner of the project.
ACRAN was established in 1998 in Libreville, Gabon. ACRAN aims at developing and reinforcing the co-operation between the communication regulatory authorities in Africa. It currently counts 25 members from Angola, Benin, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Mali, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Sao Tomé, Senegal, South Africa, Tanzania, Togo and Tunisia. The headquarters of ACRAN are established at Cotonou, capital of the Republic of Benin.